Formulating with Vitamins – the Role Vitamins Play
Vitamins are essential for a person’s health, but since they cannot be synthesized in adequate quantities by the body vitamins must be obtained through one’s diet. With the increasing popularity of fortified products among consumers, formulators must determine what and how much of a vitamin is required to create an expected outcome. Understanding vitamins, and their roles in the body, are key to knowing the type and quantities of vitamin(s) to add.
Vitamin A – Oil soluble; Helps with cell reproduction, eye health, fetal growth, and reproductive function.
Vitamin B1 (thiamin)– Water soluble; Part of the glucose oxidation process; Heat-stable in acid beverages; Instability with higher pH products.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)– Water soluble; Needed for cell growth; Heat resistant; Light sensitive.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal)– Water soluble; Required for metabolism.
Vitamin B12 – Water soluble; Active in carbohydrate and fat metabolism.
Vitamin C– Water soluble; Powerful antioxidant; Critical for the formulation of collagen which maintains connective tissue/skin; Oxygen sensitive.
Vitamin D– Oil soluble; Regulates the reabsorption of calcium in the kidneys, bone mineralization, parathyroid hormones and immune function.
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)– Oil soluble; Protects cell membranes from oxidation.
Niacin – Water soluble; Necessary for glucose oxidation and respiration in tissues; Oxidation stable; Light stable; Heat stable.
Pantothenic Acid – Water soluble; Might provide tolerance to stress.